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Timneh African Grey diet and habitat

African Grey Parrot For Sale

Introduction

The Timneh African Grey (Psittacus timneh) is a subspecies of the African Grey Parrot, a medium-sized parrot native to West Africa.

It is smaller in size than the Congo African Grey, with a shorter tail and a more muted coloration.

The Timneh African Grey has a distinctive dark maroon tail, which sets it apart from the Congo African Grey, which has a bright red tail.

The Timneh African Grey is also known for its intelligence and ability to mimic speech and other sounds, making it a popular choice as a pet.

In the wild, Timneh African Grey parrots are found in the rainforests of West Africa, including countries such as Guinea, Sierra Leone, and Liberia.

They feed on a variety of seeds, nuts, fruits, and vegetation, and are known to be social birds that live in flocks.

In captivity, Timneh African Grey parrots require a high-quality diet that includes a variety of fresh fruits and vegetables, as well as a pellet-based diet.

They also need plenty of mental and physical stimulation, including toys and activities to keep them entertained and prevent boredom.

Timneh African Grey parrots are known for their ability to mimic human speech and other sounds, and they are often trained to do so by their owners.

They are intelligent and curious birds, and they require a lot of attention and interaction from their owners.

As with all parrots, it is important to provide a safe and enriching environment for a Timneh African Grey to thrive.

This includes providing a spacious and well-ventilated cage, as well as plenty of time for exercise and socialization outside of the cage.

Classification Related Information
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Psittaciformes
Superfamily: Psittacoidea
Family: Psittacidae
Subfamily: Psittacinae
Genus: Psittacus
Scientific Name: Psittacus timneh
Other Names: Timneh grey parrot, Timneh African grey parrot
Size: 11-13 inches (28-33 cm)
Weight: 9.7-13.2 oz (275-375 gm)
Color: Mottled grey plumage, white face mask, pale yellow eyes, dark maroon tail, upper mandible is black with pink patches
Distribution: Liberia, Sierra Leone, extreme western parts of Ivory Coast
Habitat: Dense forests, forest edges and clearings, savannah woodlands, mangroves
Sounds ability: Skilled mimics, tend to pick up sounds from environment
Clutch size: 3-5 oval eggs
Incubation period: 30 days after laying
Breeding period: Variable
Fledging: 12 weeks
Sexual maturity: 4 years
Lifespan: Average 50-80 years, can live up to 80 years in captivity
Diet: Fruits, seeds, nuts, and other plant matter
Conservation Status: Vulnerable

History and origin

The Timneh African Grey (Psittacus timneh) is a subspecies of the African Grey Parrot, a medium-sized parrot native to West Africa.

The African Grey Parrot is believed to have evolved over 40 million years ago and is one of the oldest known parrot species.

The Timneh African Grey is native to West Africa, including countries such as Guinea, Sierra Leone, and Liberia.

The African Grey Parrot is known for its intelligence and ability to mimic speech and other sounds, and it has been kept as a pet for centuries.

The Timneh African Grey is a popular choice as a pet due to its smaller size and more subdued coloration compared to the Congo African Grey, which is the other subspecies of African Grey Parrot.

In the past, Timneh African Grey parrots were widely hunted for their feathers, which were used in traditional West African clothing. They were also captured and traded as exotic pets.

Today, the trade in Timneh African Grey parrots is strictly regulated, and it is illegal to capture or trade these birds in many countries.

Despite these regulations, the Timneh African Grey is still threatened by habitat loss and the illegal wild bird trade.

They are listed as “near threatened” on the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List of Threatened Species, and their populations are believed to be declining. It is important to protect and conserve the natural habitats of these birds to ensure their continued survival in the wild.

in the wild

In the wild, Timneh African Grey parrots are found in the rainforests of West Africa, including countries such as Guinea, Sierra Leone, and Liberia.

They are known to be social birds that live in flocks and are found in a variety of habitats, including primary and secondary forests, savannas, and agricultural areas.

In the wild, Timneh African Grey parrots face threats such as habitat loss and the illegal wild bird trade.

Distribution

Timneh African grey parrots are native to the countries of Guinea, Sierra Leone, Liberia, and Côte d’Ivoire in West Africa.

They are found in a variety of habitats including rainforests, savannas, and forests along rivers and streams.

Timneh African grey parrots are smaller than their close relatives, the Congo African grey parrots, and are known for their intelligence and ability to mimic human speech. 

Timneh African Grey
Timneh African Grey
Congo African grey parrots for sale
Timneh African Grey diet and habitat
Congo African grey parrots for sale
Timneh African Grey diet and habitat

Color

African Grey Parrots, including Timneh African Grey Parrots, have a distinctive grey plumage with a darker grey on their wings and tail.

They also have a bright red tail and a pale grey or white face. Some individuals may have a small amount of black or dark grey feathers mixed in with their grey plumage.

Timneh African Grey Parrots are smaller than their cousin, the Congo African Grey Parrot, and have a more subdued personality.

Care and feeding

Proper care and feeding are essential for the health and well-being of parrots, including African Grey Parrots and Timneh African Grey Parrots.

These intelligent and social birds require a significant amount of social interaction and mental stimulation to thrive, and they have specific dietary and environmental needs that must be met in order to keep them healthy.

Here are some tips for caring for and feeding African Grey Parrots and Timneh African Grey Parrots:

  1. Provide a spacious, well-ventilated cage: African Grey Parrots and Timneh African Grey Parrots need plenty of room to move and exercise, and a cage that is too small can lead to physical and mental health problems. A cage that is at least 24 inches wide, 36 inches long, and 36 inches tall is recommended for these birds.
  2. Offer a varied diet: Both African Grey Parrots and Timneh African Grey Parrots require a varied diet that includes seeds, pellets, and fresh fruits and vegetables. It is important to provide a balanced diet that meets the nutritional needs of these birds, as deficiencies or excesses of certain nutrients can lead to health problems.
  3. Offer plenty of mental stimulation: African Grey Parrots and Timneh African Grey Parrots are intelligent birds that need plenty of mental stimulation to keep them happy and healthy. Provide them with a variety of toys and activities, such as puzzles and foraging toys, to keep them mentally engaged.
  4. Provide plenty of social interaction: Both African Grey Parrots and Timneh African Grey Parrots are social animals that require a significant amount of social interaction to thrive. Spend time interacting with your bird every day, and consider getting a second bird as a companion if you are unable to spend enough time with your pet.
  5. Keep the cage clean: African Grey Parrots and Timneh African Grey Parrots are sensitive to dirty living conditions, and a dirty cage can lead to health problems. Clean the cage regularly, and provide fresh water and food daily.

By following these care and feeding guidelines, you can help ensure that your African Grey Parrot or Timneh African Grey Parrot stays healthy and happy for many years to come.

Housing

Proper housing is essential for the health and well-being of African Grey Parrots and Timneh African Grey Parrots. These intelligent and social birds need plenty of space to move and exercise, as well as a comfortable and safe living environment.

Here are some tips for housing African Grey Parrots and Timneh African Grey Parrots:

  1. Choose a spacious cage: African Grey Parrots and Timneh African Grey Parrots need plenty of room to move and exercise, and a cage that is too small can lead to physical and mental health problems. A cage that is at least 24 inches wide, 36 inches long, and 36 inches tall is recommended for these birds.
  2. Provide plenty of perches: African Grey Parrots and Timneh African Grey Parrots need a variety of perches to rest on and to exercise their feet. Offer perches of different shapes, sizes, and materials, such as natural branches and ropes, to keep your bird entertained and to promote good foot health.
  3. Offer plenty of toys and activities: Both African Grey Parrots and Timneh African Grey Parrots are intelligent birds that need plenty of mental stimulation to keep them happy and healthy. Provide them with a variety of toys and activities, such as puzzles and foraging toys, to keep them mentally engaged.
  4. Keep the cage clean: African Grey Parrots and Timneh African Grey Parrots are sensitive to dirty living conditions, and a dirty cage can lead to health problems. Clean the cage regularly, and provide fresh water and food daily.
  5. Keep the cage in a safe location: African Grey Parrots and Timneh African Grey Parrots are sensitive to loud noises and sudden movements, so it is important to keep their cage in a quiet, secure location. Avoid placing the cage in direct sunlight or drafty areas, and keep it away from doors and windows to reduce the risk of accidents.

By following these housing guidelines, you can help ensure that your African Grey Parrot or Timneh African Grey Parrot has a comfortable and safe living environment.

Timneh African Grey
Timneh African Grey

Sound and talking ability

Timneh African grey parrots are known for their ability to mimic human speech and are considered to be one of the most intelligent species of parrots. They have a natural ability to learn and repeat sounds, and with proper training and socialization, they can learn to imitate a wide range of words and phrases.

The ability to talk and mimic sounds is largely due to the parrot’s highly developed vocalization and hearing abilities.

Timneh African grey parrots have a small, lightweight syrinx, or voice box, located at the base of the trachea that allows them to produce a wide range of vocalizations.

They also have excellent hearing and are able to accurately distinguish between different sounds, which helps them learn and repeat new words and phrases.

Timneh African grey parrots are generally more successful at learning to talk if they are exposed to human speech at an early age.

They are also more likely to develop strong talking abilities if they receive consistent training and socialization, as well as a varied diet and plenty of mental and physical stimulation.

Temperament & Personality

In terms of temperament and personality, African Grey Parrots and Timneh African Grey Parrots can vary widely.

Some individuals are more outgoing and sociable, while others may be more reserved and independent. African Grey Parrots are generally considered to be more demanding than Timneh African Grey Parrots, which may make them more challenging as pets for some people.

Both African Grey Parrots and Timneh African Grey Parrots can be prone to anxiety and stress if they are not provided with enough social interaction and mental stimulation.

They may also exhibit destructive behavior if they become bored or frustrated, such as feather-plucking or excessive vocalization.

timneh african grey breeding season and nestling period

Timneh African grey parrots are native to West Africa and are known for their intelligence and ability to mimic human speech.

The breeding season for Timneh African grey parrots can vary depending on the specific location, but it generally occurs between February and June.

During the breeding season, male Timneh African grey parrots will perform courtship behaviors to attract a mate, such as singing and displaying their feathers. Once a pair has bonded, the female will lay a clutch of eggs, which she will incubate for about 30 days.

The nestling period, or the time when the chicks are in the nest, usually lasts for about 8-12 weeks. During this time, both the male and female will take turns incubating the eggs and feeding the chicks until they are old enough to fledge, or leave the nest.

It’s important to note that it is illegal to capture and sell wild Timneh African grey parrots. If you are interested in owning one of these beautiful birds, it is recommended to purchase a domestically bred one from a reputable breeder.

Juvenile

A juvenile is an animal that has not yet reached sexual maturity and is still developing physically and behaviorally. In birds, the juvenile stage generally follows the nestling stage and lasts until the bird reaches sexual maturity.

During the juvenile stage, young birds often resemble their adult counterparts, but may have less colorful or developed feathers, and may not yet have the full range of adult behaviors.

For example, a juvenile Timneh African grey parrot may have a less developed grey coloration and may not yet be able to mimic human speech as well as an adult.

The length of the juvenile stage can vary greatly depending on the species of bird. Some species may reach sexual maturity within a few months, while others may take several years to fully mature.

In the case of Timneh African grey parrots, they generally reach sexual maturity at around 3-4 years of age.

Food & Diet

Timneh African grey parrots have specific dietary needs that must be met in order to maintain their health and well-being. In the wild, these parrots primarily feed on seeds, nuts, fruits, and berries, as well as the occasional insect or invertebrate.

In captivity, it is important to provide a varied diet that includes a mixture of high-quality seeds, nuts, and pellets, as well as fresh fruits and vegetables. Some recommended foods for Timneh African grey parrots include:

  • Seeds: Small amounts of high-quality seeds, such as safflower, sunflower, and pumpkin, can be included in the diet as a source of protein and healthy fats.
  • Pellets: A formulated pellet diet can provide a balanced source of nutrition for Timneh African grey parrots. It is important to choose a high-quality brand that does not contain artificial preservatives or additives.
  • Fruits and vegetables: Fresh, washed, and properly prepared fruits and vegetables should make up about 20-30% of a Timneh African grey parrot’s diet. Some recommended options include apples, pears, leafy greens, carrots, and sweet potatoes.

It is important to avoid feeding Timneh African grey parrots foods that are high in sugar or fat, as well as toxic or unhealthy items such as chocolate, caffeine, avocado, and alcohol. These parrots should also have access to clean, fresh water at all times.

In addition to providing a varied and nutritionally balanced diet, it is important to ensure that Timneh African grey parrots have plenty of mental and physical stimulation, as this can help prevent boredom and behavioral issues.

This can include providing toys, puzzles, and other forms of interactive play, as well as allowing the parrot to spend time outside of its cage or aviary.

Cage size

The size of the cage or aviary that you provide for your Timneh African grey parrot is an important consideration, as it will impact the bird’s overall health and well-being. In general, it is recommended to provide the largest cage or aviary possible, as these parrots are highly intelligent and need plenty of space to move around and explore.

As a general guideline, a cage or aviary for a single Timneh African grey parrot should be at least 3 feet long, 2 feet wide, and 4 feet tall. It is also important to provide plenty of horizontal space for the bird to move around, as well as multiple perches and toys to keep it mentally and physically stimulated.

In addition to the size of the cage or aviary, it is also important to consider the type of enclosure you provide. A cage with bar spacing that is too wide can pose a risk to the bird, as it may be able to escape or get its head stuck between the bars. On the other hand, a cage with bar spacing that is too narrow can cause harm to the bird’s feet. As a general rule, the bar spacing should be no wider than the bird’s head, and preferably closer to the width of the bird’s chest.

Finally, it is important to ensure that the cage or aviary is placed in a safe and suitable location, away from drafts, direct sunlight, and other potential hazards. Timneh African grey parrots should also have access to natural light and fresh air, either through an outdoor aviary or by being allowed to spend time outside of their enclosure.

 Health problems

Like all living organisms, Timneh African Grey Parrots are susceptible to a range of health issues. Some of the common ailments that these birds may be prone to include:

  1. Nutritional deficiencies: Timneh African Grey Parrots require a balanced diet that meets their nutritional needs in order to stay healthy. Deficiencies of certain nutrients, such as protein, calcium, and vitamins, can lead to health problems.
  2. Respiratory infections: Timneh African Grey Parrots are prone to respiratory infections, which can be caused by a variety of factors, including exposure to cold temperatures, dampness, and poor air quality. Symptoms may include coughing, sneezing, and nasal discharge.
  3. Feather-plucking: Some Timneh African Grey Parrots may engage in feather-plucking, which is a behavior in which the bird removes its own feathers. This behavior can be caused by a variety of factors, including stress, boredom, and nutritional deficiencies.
  4. Beak and nail problems: Timneh African Grey Parrots have a tendency to overgrow their beaks and nails, which can lead to health problems if left untreated. It is important to regularly trim the beak and nails to keep them at a healthy length.
  5. Eye problems: Timneh African Grey Parrots are prone to eye problems, such as conjunctivitis (pink eye) and cataracts. These conditions can be caused by a variety of factors, including infection, injury, or genetics.

It is important to regularly monitor the health of your Timneh African Grey Parrot and to seek veterinary care if you notice any signs of illness or distress. By providing your bird with the care and attention it needs, you can help prevent many common health problems and keep your pet healthy and happy.

 

where to buy a timneh african grey

If you are interested in purchasing a Timneh African grey parrot, it is important to do your research and choose a reputable breeder or seller. Here are some steps you can take to ensure that you are buying a healthy and well-cared for bird:

  1. Research breeders or sellers: Look for a breeder or seller who has a good reputation and a history of producing healthy, well-socialized birds. Ask for references or recommendations from other bird owners or veterinarians.
  2. Visit the facility: If possible, visit the facility where the birds are kept to ensure that they are being cared for in a clean and healthy environment. Look for signs of stress or neglect, such as feather picking or poor body condition.
  3. Ask questions: Don’t be afraid to ask the breeder or seller questions about the bird’s health, diet, and socialization. A reputable breeder or seller should be able to provide detailed information and should be willing to answer all of your questions.
  4. Get a health guarantee: Look for a breeder or seller who offers a health guarantee, which can provide some protection in the event that the bird develops any health issues after purchase.

It is also important to note that it is illegal to capture and sell wild Timneh African grey parrots. If you are considering purchasing one of these beautiful birds, it is recommended to purchase a domestically bred one from a reputable breeder to ensure that the bird has been ethically and responsibly sourced.

Conclusion

Timneh African Greys are a highly intelligent and social species of parrot native to West Africa. They are known for their exceptional talking ability and ability to mimic a wide range of sounds and words. These birds are highly trainable and can learn to perform a variety of tricks and tasks.

They are generally friendly and social, but can be sensitive and may need gentle handling. Timneh African Greys require a lot of mental and physical stimulation, as well as a healthy diet and regular exercise to thrive.

Overall, Timneh African Greys make wonderful companions for those who are willing to invest the time and effort into providing for their needs.

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